examples: ayaz bii тарихы (the story of ayaz bii), шығармашылық aldar-kose (creative aldar-kose), ақылды zhirenshe және оның әйелі karlygash (clever zhirenshe and his wife karlygash)
fairy tales are one of the traditional forms of kazakh folklore…many traditional kazakh stories have their roots in the common legends of all turkic peoples because the area of what is now kasakhstan was a cultural melting pot during the persian/arabic interlude and mongol invasians. in the 15th to 18th centuries, a new strand of stories emerged that were about ordinary people, such as the orator zhirenshesheshen and the creative liar aldar kose. as the stories were composed during a period of military conflicts, they were often set in battles and were heroic epics…fairy tales are close to the heroic epics that featured ordinary individuals and deal mostly with the human actions in a fight between good and evil. [in казахстан, the side of evil was represented by common fairy tale antagonists including zhez tyrnak with her metal claws, the seven-headed dragon, and the cannibalistic ogress. friends and magical helpers include tausogar who could move mountains, kolzhutar who could swallow the sea, sakkulak with his extraordinary hearing, ker-kula the horse with supernatural speed and the ability to talk, a beautiful woman, and animals such as sheep, goats, camels, and cows.] the hero was often an idealized person who defends the people’s interest and fights against social injustice for the poor and marginalized. the social context of [kazakh] fairy tales changed over time, with the main heroes [batyrs] evolving from a people’s defender to a younger son who was the successor of the tribal traditions.
post 677 of an infinity-part series